Browsing articles in "National Symbols"

Danfe

A male Himalayan Monal (lophophorus impejanus)...

Image via Wikipedia

Danfe, also called Himalayan Monal, Lophophorus impejanus, Impeyan Monal or Impeyan Pheasant, is the national bird of Nepal. Danphe is a bird of genus Lophophorus of the pheasant family, Phasianidae. These exotic of all pheasants are the inhabitants of high elevation of the Himalayan range. In summer, they are found in rocky, grass covered meadows and winters in coniferous and mixed forests. Over 850 species of birds have been recorded in Nepal.

The males are adorned with beautiful metallic colors of green, purple, red and blue; they also have a large white patch on the rump. The breast and underparts are black and the tail is copper. The males also have a very long crest, much like a peacock. The male also has a bare patch of turquoise blue skin around the eye. The hens, while much duller than the male, are still attractive. They are basically mottled brown overall, with black, buff and white streaks. Her throat is white and she has a short crest. Hens also have the blue patch around the eyes. First year males resemble the hens, but are larger and have black feathers on the neck and breast.

Danfe birds need to housed in a large, well-drained aviary. Like the Eared-Pheasants and Cheer, they love to dig with their strong bills and will often destroy the grass, shrubs and other greenery in the aviary. They do best on sandy soil that is easy to dig, but do be sure to keep it dry. They can tolerate cold weather very well, but need plenty of shelter and shade from the hot summer sun as they are birds from the cool mountain forests and unable to withstand extreme heat. When they dance, they stretch their wings and tail feathers showing their glorious colors.

National Flag

The flag of Nepal

Image via Wikipedia

The national flag of Nepal is the world’s only national flag that is non-quadrilateral in shape. Its crimson red is the color of the rhododendron, the country’s national flower. Red is also the sign of victory in war. The blue border is the color of peace. Until 1962, the flag’s emblems, the sun and the crescent moon, had human faces. They were removed to modernize the flag. The flag borrows the basic design from the original Hindu design, which has been in use for more than 2,000 years.

Meaning behind the flag:
The blue border symbolizes the peace and harmony. The crimson red is Nepal’s national color, and it indicates the brave spirits of the Nepalese people. The two triangles symbolize the Himalaya Mountains and represent the two major religions, Hinduism and Buddhism. The red triangular flag has been a Hindu symbol of victory since the time of Ramayana and Mahabharata. The depiction of celestial bodies represents permanence, the hope that Nepal will last as long as the sun and the moon. The moon symbolizes that the Nepalese are soothing and calm, while the sun symbolizes fierce resolve. The moon also symbolizes the shades and the cool weather of the Himalayas, whereas the sun symbolizes the heat and the high temperature at the lower part (Terai) of Nepal. Another interpretation: The flag’s shape symbolizes a Nepalese pagoda. Putting a mirror at the side of the flag closest to the flagpole will generate an image of a pagoda.

Often called the “Battle Cry” here is a national song that talks about our national flag:
Written by Gopal Prasad Rimal
Composed by Amber Gurung
Sung by Amber Gurung and Fatte Man Rajbhandari

Listen to it here, the first one is the original version and while the second one is a remix by 1974 AD, a popular rock band from Nepal:

Lyrics

Rato ra chhandra surya jungi nishan hamro
Jiundo ragat sari yo baldo yo shaan hamro

Rato ra chhandra surya jungi nishan hamro
Jiundo ragat sari yo baldo yo shaan hamro
Rato ra chhandra surya jungi nishan hamro
Jiundo ragat sari yo baldo yo shaan hamro
Rato ra chhandra surya
Himal jhain aatal yo, jhukena ko kahile
Latrana yo kahile, jungi nishan hamro
Yo janmadai jagat ma kayoun prahara aaye
Samrajya dubi hare, harena shaan hamro
Rato ra chhandra surya jungi nishan hamro
Jiundo ragat sari yo baldo yo shaan hamro
Rato ra chhandra surya

Jaba samma chhandra surya aakash ma rahanchha
Taba samma hunchha aafnai rato ragar yo hamro
Gai sari chhan sankhu jo jo yahan jagat ma
Sabako saran baljhiyo jungi nishan hamro
Rato ra chhandra surya jungi nishan hamro
Jiundo ragat sari yo baldo yo shaan hamro
Rato ra chhandra surya jungi nishan hamro
Jiundo ragat sari yo baldo yo shaan hamro
Rato ra chhandra surya…

National Anthem

Nepali lyrics

सयौं थुँगा फूलका हामी, एउटै माला नेपाली
सार्वभौम भई फैलिएका, मेची-माहाकाली।
सयौं थुँगा फूलका हामी, एउटै माला नेपाली
सार्वभौम भई फैलिएका, मेची-माहाकाली।
प्रकृतिका कोटी-कोटी सम्पदाको आंचल
वीरहरूका रगतले, स्वतन्त्र र अटल।
ज्ञानभूमि, शान्तिभूमि तराई, पहाड, हिमाल
अखण्ड यो प्यारो हाम्रो मातृभूमि नेपाल।
बहुल जाति, भाषा, धर्म, संस्कृति छन् विशाल
अग्रगामी राष्ट्र हाम्रो, जय जय नेपाल।

Translation

We, together, are hundreds of flowers, in a Nepali garland
Spread from Mechi to Mahakali, is the wonder of our land
We, together, are hundreds of flowers, in a Nepali garland
Spread from Mechi to Mahakali, is the wonder of our land
A playground for millions of nature’s gifts
Where the blood of our heroes has made peace for all
Land of knowledge, land of peace, From soaring peak to hill and plain
Indivisible – our beloved, motherland Nepal.
Multi-racial, multi-lingual, multi-religious and with timeless culture
still our nation progresses, may it go forth forever

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